Copyright Laws and Fair Use Copyright laws apply to electronic publishing as well as to print publishing. Publishers must have permission to publish any copyrighted information. Copyright information includes not only text based information but also graphics, sound clips, animations, and photographs. Electronic publications are subject to the same college policies and standards as print publications.
Use of copied information in an educational institutional setting is based on the Fair Use clause in Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976. This clause allows allows for multiple copies for classroom use provided that this copying meets its criteria for brevity, spontaneity, and cumulative effect. These criteria are defined as follows:
Brevity: a complete poem if less than 250 words or an excerpt of not more than 250 words; a complete prose work of less than 2500 words or an excerpt of not more than 1000 words, or 10% of the work, whichever is less, but a minimum of 500 words;
Spontaneity: the copying is at the inspiration of the individual teacher and the decision to use the work is such that it is unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for permission;
Cumulative Effect: the copying is for only one course in the school in which the copies are made; not more than one short poem or prose work or more than two excerpts may be copied from the same author nor more than three copies from the same collective work or periodical volume during one class term; and there should be no more than nine instances of such multiple copying for one course during one class term.
More information on US copyright laws can be obtained from the following Library of Congress and the Cornell Law Library on the Internet:
Information on copyright and multimedia can be found at:
* Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia and Related Documents and Links
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Computer resources at Walters State Community College are available to all students, faculty, and staff for authorized use in a responsible, ethical, and equitable manner. It is important that all users of the computing facilities conduct their computing activities in this manner since they have access to many valuable and sensitive resources and their computing practices can adversely affect the work of other users. The following constitutes a code of computing practices to be adhered to by all users of the computer systems.
1. Users must obtain official approval from the department responsible for use of the computing resources. Approval will not be granted to use computing facilities that do not conform to the missions, processes, and functions of the Institution.
2. Users of computing resources are expected to conduct themselves in a manner that does not constitute a danger or threat to any person’s health, safety, or interfere with authorized individual and institutional activities. Use of computing resources to view or transmit obscene material is prohibited.
3. Users must not misuse, damage or misappropriate in any manner computing equipment, software, property, and other facilities and resources.
4. Users must utilize only those computers which have been authorized for their use and for the purposes for which the authorization was granted.
5. Users of the computer systems are responsible for the use of their computer accounts and, as such they should take precautions against others obtaining access to their computer accounts. This includes managing and controlling the use of individual passwords, operational activities, and resource utilization.
6. Users must follow the established procedures for accessing the computing systems. All computing work must be readily identified with the user’s own name and where applicable the relevant department name.
7. Users may not access, modify, or copy programs, files, data of any sort belonging to other users or to Walters State Community College without obtaining prior authorization to do so from the other user and/or department involved. Similarly programs, subroutines, data, equipment, and other computing related resources may not be taken to other computer installations without the proper department and/or Walters State Computer Services Department authorization and a clearly defined understanding of the responsibilities associated with such action (e.g. security of access to the data at the other computer installation).
8. Users may not use programs, data, equipment, and other computing related resources or other computer sites at Walters State for other than officially scheduled and sanctioned academic and administrative purposes unless prior approval has been obtained from the department responsible for the computer and the Walters State Computer Services Director.
9. Users should minimize the impact of their work on the work of other Users. Attempts should not be made to encroach on others’ use of the facilities or deprive them of resources. Game-Playing that is not part of an authorized program of study must not interfere with users’ rights to access a system for educational purposes.
10. Users must not attempt to modify system facilities and/or subvert the restrictions associated with their assigned use of computers.
The above code is intended to work to the benefit of all Computer Services users by encouraging responsible conduct and use of computing resources. Disciplinary action for violating this code shall be governed by the applicable provisions of student handbooks, faculty and staff handbooks, and other policies and procedures of Walters State Community College, its governing body, the Tennessee Board of Regents and the applicable state and federal laws. The General Regulations on Student Conduct and Disciplinary Sanctions outline some, but are not limited to, actions that may be taken either singularly or in combination by the Institution against violators of this code.
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